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Invicta Flies - Superfly
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I have never seen bluegill hit a fly as hard as they do the Superfly.  This floating bug brings fish up to inhale it with explosive enthusiasm. You can alter the colors, but the version listed below seems to have the most "power."

Hook: Mustad 94831, #12
Thread: 3/0 waxed monocord, red
Tail: red hackle fibers, red Krystal Flash
Back: 2 mm foam, red
Body: medium chenille, orange
Legs: red Krystal Flash

Tying Instructions:

1)  Secure thread to hook shank and bring to bend. Tie in a large quantity of hackle fibers (the same amount that would be standard for a dry fly of the same size) with the tips even, length equal to the hook shank. Clip the excess butts.

2)  On top of the hackle fibers, tie in six strands of red Krystal Flash. Trim them to the same length as the fibers.

3)  From a sheet of red 2 mm thick craft foam, cut a strip 7 mm wide. Trim the corners of one end at 45 degree angles to create a point. Tie the foam on top of the shank at the bend, lashing down the entire "point" area. Bring the thread back to the bend.

4)  Strip the last 1/4 inch from the tag end of the orange chenille, exposing the core. Tie this in on top of the foam at the bend, then wing the thread forward to just behind the hook eye.  Wind back again to halfway between the eye and the hook point.

5)  On either side of the hook shank, tie in six strands of the Krystal flash, length equal to hook shank, so they are extending forward beyond the eye. It is helpful to lash six fibers to one side with two loose turns of thread, grasp both ends and slide the clump into position, tighten the thread and take a couple more tight turns to secure. Then clip the excess. Work the thread to in front of the legs and wind it to a hook eye's width behind the hook eye.

6)  Wind the chenille forward to the thread. Pull back each bundle of "legs" and position so they end up sticking out to the sides as you work the chenille around them. In other words, wind up to the Flash, pull the legs back, and continue in front of the legs. Tie off at the thread and clip the excess. Cover any exposed material with the tying thread.

7)  Pull the foam over the back and lash down with four tight turns of thread. Fold it back to create a "head" that bulges out over the hook eye, then lash down in the same spot with four more turns of thread. Whip finish the thread in this area and clip.

8)  Trim the excess foam so it extends halfway down the back. Trim this to a point to create the "cape." Cement the thread wraps, using a bodkin or needle to work the cement between the bulges of foam.